Journal Articles


  • tbd


  • Dekker, Mark M., Vassilis Daioglou, Robert Pietzcker, Renato Rodrigues, Harmen-Sytze de Boer, Francesco Dalla Longa, Laurent Drouet, et al. “Identifying Energy Model Fingerprints in Mitigation Scenarios.” Nature Energy, November 6, 2023, 1–10.
  • Bistline, John, Chikara Onda, Morgan Browning, Johannes Emmerling, Gokul Iyer, Megan Mahajan, Jim McFarland, et al. “Equity Implications of Net-Zero Emissions: A Multi-Model Analysis of Energy Expenditures Across Income Classes Under Economy-Wide Deep Decarbonization Policies.” Energy and Climate Change, October 14, 2023, 100118.
  • Nogueira, Larissa, Francesco Dalla Longa, Lara Aleluia Reis, Laurent Drouet, Zoi Vrontisi, Kostas Fragkiadakis, Evangelos Panos, and Bob van der Zwaan. “A Multi-Model Framework to Assess the Role of R&D towards a Decarbonized Energy System.” Climatic Change 176, no. 7 (June 20, 2023): 82.
  • Aleluia Reis, Lara, and Massimo Tavoni. “Glasgow to Paris—The Impact of the Glasgow Commitments for the Paris Climate Agreement.” iScience 26, no. 2 (February 2023): 105933.
  • Andreoni, Pietro, Lara Aleluia Reis, Laurent Drouet, Olivier Dessens, Panagiotis Fragkos, Robert Pietzcker, Steve Pye, Renato Rodrigues, and Massimo Tavoni. “Fossil Extraction Bans and Carbon Taxes: Assessing Their Interplay through Multiple Models.” iScience 26, no. 4 (April 2023): 106377.
  • Wijst, Kaj-Ivar van der, Francesco Bosello, Shouro Dasgupta, Laurent Drouet, Johannes Emmerling, Andries Hof, Marian Leimbach, et al. “New Damage Curves and Multimodel Analysis Suggest Lower Optimal Temperature.” Nature Climate Change, March 23, 2023.


  • Colelli, Francesco Pietro, Johannes Emmerling, Giacomo Marangoni, Malcolm N. Mistry, and Enrica De Cian. “Increased Energy Use for Adaptation Significantly Impacts Mitigation Pathways.” Nature Communications 13, no. 1 (August 24, 2022): 4964.
  • Reis, Lara Aleluia, Laurent Drouet, and Massimo Tavoni. ‘Internalising Health-Economic Impacts of Air Pollution into Climate Policy: A Global Modelling Study’. The Lancet Planetary Health 6, no. 1 (1 January 2022): 40–48.


  • Drouet, Laurent, Valentina Bosetti, Simone A. Padoan, Lara Aleluia Reis, Christoph Bertram, Francesco Dalla Longa, Jacques Després, et al. ‘Net Zero-Emission Pathways Reduce the Physical and Economic Risks of Climate Change’. Nature Climate Change, 29 November 2021, 1–7.
  • Riahi, K., Bertram, C., Huppmann, D., Rogelj, J., Bosetti, V., Cabardos, A.-M., Deppermann, A., Drouet, L. et al. ’Cost and attainability of meeting stringent climate targets without overshoot’. Nature Climate Change, 11, 1063–1069 (2021).
  • Hasegawa, Tomoko, Shinichiro Fujimori, Stefan Frank, Florian Humpenöder, Christoph Bertram, Jacques Després, Laurent Drouet, et al. ‘Land-Based Implications of Early Climate Actions without Global Net-Negative Emissions’. Nature Sustainability, 7 October 2021, 1–8.
  • Pai, Sandeep, Johannes Emmerling, Laurent Drouet, Hisham Zerriffi, and Jessica Jewell. ‘Meeting Well-below 2°C Target Would Increase Energy Sector Jobs Globally’. One Earth 4, no. 7 (23 July 2021): 1026–36.
  • Bertram, Christoph, Keywan Riahi, Jérôme Hilaire, Valentina Bosetti, Laurent Drouet, Oliver Fricko, Aman Malik, et al. ‘Energy System Developments and Investments in the Decisive Decade for the Paris Agreement Goals’. Environmental Research Letters 16, no. 7 (June 2021): 074020.
  • Harmsen, Mathijs, Elmar Kriegler, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Kaj-Ivar van der Wijst, Gunnar Luderer, Ryna Cui, Olivier Dessens, et al. ‘Integrated Assessment Model Diagnostics: Key Indicators and Model Evolution’. Environmental Research Letters, April 2021.
  • Keppo, Ilkka, Isabela Butnar, Nicolas Bauer, Matteo Caspani, Oreane Edelenbosch, Johannes Emmerling, Panagiotis Fragkos, et al. ‘Exploring the Possibility Space: Taking Stock of the Diverse Capabilities and Gaps in Integrated Assessment Models’. Environmental Research Letters, 2021.


  • Smith, Steven J., Zbigniew Klimont, Laurent Drouet, Mathijs Harmsen, Gunnar Luderer, Keywan Riahi, Detlef P. van Vuuren, and John P. Weyant. ‘The Energy Modeling Forum (EMF)-30 Study on Short-Lived Climate Forcers: Introduction and Overview’. Climatic Change 163, no. 3 (1 December 2020): 1399–1408.
  • Carrara, Samuel (2020). Reactor ageing and phase-out policies: global and regional prospects for nuclear power generation. Energy Policy, Volume 147, 111834,
  • Fofrich R. A., Tong D., Calvin K.V., Sytze de Boer H., Emmerling J., Fricko O., Fujimori S., Luderer G., Rogelj J., Davis S.J. (2020). Early Retirement of Power Plants in Climate Mitigation Scenarios. Environmental Research Letters,
  • Malik A., Bertram C., Després J., Emmerling J., Fujimori S., Garg A., Kriegler E., Luderer G., Mathur R.,  Roelfsema M., Shekhar S., Vishwanathan S., and Z. Vrontisi (2020). Reducing stranded assets through early action in the Indian power sector. Environmental Research Letters, April 2020,
  • Roelfsema M., Van Soest H., Harmsen M., van Vuuren D., Bertram C., Elzen M., Höhne N., Iacobuta G., Krey V., Kriegler E., Luderer G., Riahi K., Ueckerdt F., Després J., Drouet L., Emmerling J., Frank S., Fricko O., et Al., (2020). Taking stock of national climate policies to evaluate implementation of the Paris Agreement. Nature Communications, Volume 11, Article number: 2096,
  • Emmerling, J., Kornek, U., Bosetti, V. and K. Lessmann (2020). Climate thresholds and heterogeneous regions: Implications for coalition formation. Review of International Organizations, online first, 16 Jan 2020,
  • Schinko, T., Drouet, L., Vrontisi, Z., Hof, A. F., Hinkel, J., Mochizuki, J., Bosetti. V., Fragkiadakis. P., van Vuuren. D. P. & Lincke, D. (2020). Economy-wide effects of coastal flooding due to sea level rise: A multi-model simultaneous treatment of mitigation, adaptation, and residual impacts. Environmental Research Communications, Volume 2, Number 1,


  • Emmerling, Johannes, Laurent Drouet, Kaj-Ivar van der Wijst, Detlef Van Vuuren, Valentina Bosetti, and Massimo Tavoni (2019): The Role of the Discount Rate for Emission Pathways and Negative Emissions, Environmental Research Letters 14 (August 20, 2019): 1–11.
  • G. Realmonte, L. Drouet, A. Gambhir, J. Glynn, A. Hawkes, A.C. Köberle, M. Tavoni (2019). An inter-model assessment of the role of direct air capture in deep mitigation pathways Nature Communication, 10(1), 1–12, July 2019.
  • Fujimori, S., Hasegawa T., Krey V., Riahi K., Bertram C., Bodirsky B.L., Bosetti V., Callen J., Després J., Doelman J., Drouet L., Emmerling J., Frank S., Fricko O., Havlik P., Humpenöder F., Koopman J., van Meijl H., Ochi Y., Popp A., Schmitz A., Takahashi K., and D. van Vuuren (2019): A Multi-Model Assessment of Food Security Implications of Climate Change Mitigation, Nature Sustainability, 2, 386–396, May 13th, 2019. 10.1038/s41893-019-0286-2.
  • M. Harmsen, O. Fricko, J. Hilaire, D. P. van Vuuren, L. Drouet, O. Durand-Lasserve, S. Fujimori, K. Keramidas, Z. Klimont, G. Luderer, L. Aleluia Reis, K. Riahi, F. Sano, S. J. Smith (2019). Taking some heat off the NDCs? The limited potential of additional short-lived climate
    forcers’ mitigation Climatic Change, online, June 2019.
  • M. Harmsen, D. P. van Vuuren, B. L. Bodirsky, J. Chateau, O. Durand-Lasserve, L. Drouet, O. Fricko, S. Fujimori, D. E.H.J. Gernaat, T. Hanaoka, J. Hilaire, K. Keramidas, G. Luderer, M. C. P. Moura, F. Sano, S. J. Smith, K. Wada (2019) The role of methane in future climate
    strategies: Mitigation potentials and climate impacts Climatic Change, online, May 2019.
  • van den Berg N. J., van Soest H. L., Hof A. F., den Elzen M. G. J., van Vuuren D. P., Chen W., Drouet L., Emmerling J., Fujimori S., Höhne N., Koberle A. C., McCollum D., Schaeffer R., Shekhar S., Vishwanathan S. S., Vrontisi Z., and K. Blok (2019): Implications of Various Effort-Sharing Approaches for National Carbon Budgets and Emission Pathways, Climatic Change, February 14, 2019. 10.1007/s10584-019-02368-y
  • Krey V., Guo F., Kolp P., Zhou W., Schaeffer R., Awasthy A., Bertram C., De Boer H.S., Fragkos P., Fujimori S., He C., Iyer G., Keramidas K., Koberle A., Oshiro K., Reis L.A., Shoai-Tehrani B., Vishwanathan S., Capros P., Drouet L., Edmonds J.E., Garg A., Gernaat D., Jiang K., Kannavou M., Kitous A., Kriegler E., Luderer G., Mathur R., Muratori M., Sano F., and D. van Vuuren (2018): Looking under the Hood: A Comparison of Techno-Economic Assumptions across National and Global Integrated Assessment Models, Energy, (December 21, 2018). 10.1016/


  • L. Aleluia Reis, L. Drouet, R. Van Dingenen, J. Emmerling (2018). Future Global Air Quality Indices under Different Socioeconomic and Climate Assumptions. Sustainability, 10, 3645, Oct 2018.
  • Emmerling J., and M. Tavoni (2018): Exploration of the Interactions between Mitigation and Solar Radiation Management in Cooperative and Non-Cooperative International Governance Settings, Global Environmental Change, Vol. 53 (November 1, 2018), 244–51. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.10.006 (supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro 058.2017 entitled “Quantifying Non-Cooperative Climate Engineering”)
  • Vinca, Adriano, Marianna Rottoli, Giacomo Marangoni, and Massimo Tavoni (2018): The Role of Carbon Capture and Storage Electricity in Attaining 1.5 and 2 °C, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 78 (November 1, 2018): 148–59. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2018.07.020
  • Emmerling, Johannes (2018): Sharing of Climate Risks across World Regions,  Climate Change Economics, Vol. 9, Issue 3, 1-19. doi:10.1142/S2010007818500070
  • McCollum, D., Wilson C., Bevione M., Carrara S., Edelenbosch O.Y., Emmerling J., Guivarch C., Karkatsoulis P., Keppo I., Krey V., Lin Z., Ó Broin E., Paroussos L., Pettifor H., Ramea K., Riahi K., Sano F., Rodriguez B.S., and D. van Vuuren (2018): Interaction of consumer preferences and climate policies in the global transition to low-carbon vehicles, Nature Energy, Vol. 3, August 2018, 664-473. doi:10.1038/s41560-018-0195-z
  • Luderer G., Vrontisi Z., Bertram C., Edelenbosch O., Pietzcker R., Rogelj J., Sytze De Boer H., Drouet L., Emmerling J., Fricko O., Fujimori S., Havlík P., Iyer G., Kimon Keramidas, Alban Kitous, Pehl M., Krey V., Riahi K., Saveyn B., Tavoni M., van Vuuren D., and E. Kriegler (2018): Residual Fossil CO 2 Emissions in 1.5–2 °C Pathways, Nature Climate Change, Vol. 8, June 25, 2018, 626-633. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0198-6
  • McCollum D., Zhou W., Bertram C., de Boer H.S., Bosetti V., Busch S., Despres J., Drouet L., Emmerling J., Fay M., Fricko O., Fujimori S., Gidden M., Harmsen M., Huppmann D., Iyer G., Krey V., Kriegler E., Nicolas C., Pachauri S., Parkinson S., Poblete-Cazenave M., Rafaj P., Rao N., Rozenberg J., Schmitz A., Schoepp W., van Vuuren D., and K. Riahi (2018): Energy Investment Needs for Fulfilling the Paris Agreement and Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, Nature Energy, June 18, 2018, 1. doi:10.1038/s41560-018-0179-z
  • Rogelj J., Popp A., Calvin K., Luderer G., Emmerling J., Gernaat D., Fujimori S., Strefler J., Hasegawa T., Marangoni G., Krey V., Kriegler E., Riahi K., van Vuuren D., Doelman J., Drouet L., Edmonds J., Fricko O., Harmsen M., Havlík P., Humpenöder F., Stehfest E., and M. Tavoni (2018): Scenarios towards limiting global-mean temperature increase below 1.5°C, Nature Climate Change, Vol. 8(3) (March 2018), doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0091-3
  • Vinca, Adriano, Johannes Emmerling, and Massimo Tavoni. (2018): Bearing the Cost of Stored Carbon Leakage, Frontiers in Energy Research 6 (2018). doi:10.3389/fenrg.2018.00040.
  • Jessica Jewell, David McCollum, Johannes Emmerling, Christoph Bertram, David E. H. J. Gernaat, Volker Krey, Leonidas Paroussos, Loïc Berger, Kostas Fragkiadakis, Ilkka Keppo, Nawfal Saadi, Massimo Tavoni, Detlef van Vuuren, Vadim Vinichenko & Keywan Riahi (2018): Limited emission reductions from fuel subsidy removal except in energy-exporting regions, Nature Vol. 554, pages 229–233 (08 February 2018), doi:10.1038/nature25467


  • Edelenbosch O., van Vuuren D., Bertram C., Carrara S., Emmerling J., Daly H., Kitous, A. McCollum, D., and N. Saadi Failali (2017): Transport fuel demand responses to fuel price and income projections: Comparison of integrated assessment models, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Vol. 55, 310-321. doi:10.1016/j.trd.2017.03.005
  • Carrara, S. and G. Marangoni (2017): Including System Integration of Variable Renewable Energies in a Constant Elasticity of Substitution Framework: The Case of the WITCH Model, Energy Economics 64: 612-626. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2016.08.017
  • Emmerling, J. and M. Tavoni (2017) Climate Engineering and Abatement: A ‘flat’ Relationship Under Uncertainty, Environmental and Resource Economics, January 11, 2017, 1–21. doi:10.1007/s10640-016-0104-5
  • Bauer, N., K. Calvin, J. Emmerling, O. Fricko, S. Fujimori, J. Hilaire, J. Eom, V. Krey, E. Kriegler, I. Mouratiadou, H. Sytze de Boer, M. van den Berg, S. Carrara, V. Daioglou, L. Drouet, J. E. Edmonds, D. Gernaat, P. Havlik, N. Johnson, D. Klein, P. Kyle, G. Marangoni, T. Masui, R. C. Pietzcker, M. Strubegger, M. Wise, K. Riahi, D. P. van Vuuren (2017): Shared Socio-Economic Pathways of the Energy Sector – Quantifying the Narratives, Global Environmental Change, Vol. 42, 316–330. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.07.006
  • Kriegler, E., N. Bauer, A. Popp, F. Humpenöder, M. Leimbach, J. Strefler, L. Baumstark, B. L. Bodirsky, J. Hilaire, D. Klein, I. Mouratiadou, I. Weindl, C. Bertram, J.P. Dietrich, G. Luderer, M. Pehl, R. Pietzcker, F. Piontek, H. Lotze-Campen, A. Biewald, M. Bonsch, A. Giannousakis, U. Kreidenweis, C. Müller, S. Rolinski, A. Schultes, J. Schwanitz, M. Stevanovic, K. Calvin, J. Emmerling, S. Fujimori, O. Edenhofer (2016): Fossil-fueled development (SSP5): An energy and resource intensive scenario for the 21st century, Global Environmental Change, Vol. 42, 297-315. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.015
  • Rao, S., Z. Klimont, S. J. Smith, R. Van Dingenen, F. Dentener, L. Bouwman, K. Riahi, M. Amann, B.L. Bodirsky, D.P. van Vuuren, L. Aleluia Reis, K. Calvin, L. Drouet, O. Fricko, S. Fujimori, D. Gernaat, P. Havlik, M. Harmsen, T. Hasegawa, C. Heyes, J. Hilaire, G. Luderer, T. Masui, E. Stehfest, J. Strefler, S. van der Sluis, M. Tavoni (2017): Future air pollution in the Shared Socio-economic Pathways, Global Environmental Change, Vol. 42, 346-358.  doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.015
  • Riahi K., Detlef P van Vuuren, Elmar Kriegler, Jae Edmonds, Brian C O’Neill, Shinichiro Fujimori, Nico Bauer, Katherine Calvin, Rob Dellink, Oliver Fricko, Wolfgang Lutz, Alexander Popp, Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, KC Samir, Marian Leimbach, Leiwen Jiang, Tom Kram, Shilpa Rao, Johannes Emmerling, Kristie Ebi, Tomoko Hasegawa, Petr Havlik, Florian Humpenöder, Lara Aleluia Da Silva, Steve Smith, Elke Stehfest, Valentina Bosetti, Jiyong Eom, David Gernaat, Toshihiko Masui, Joeri Rogelj, Jessica Strefler, Laurent Drouet, Volker Krey, Gunnar Luderer, Mathijs Harmsen, Kiyoshi Takahashi, Lavinia Baumstark, Jonathan C Doelman, Mikiko Kainuma, Zbigniew Klimont, Giacomo Marangoni, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Michael Obersteiner, Andrzej Tabeau, Massimo Tavoni (2017): The Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and their Energy, Land Use, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Implications: An Overview, Global Environmental Change, Vol. 42, 153-168. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.015


  • Aldy, J., W. Pizer, M. Tavoni, L. Aleluia Reis, K. Akimoto, G. Blanford, C. Carraro, L. E. Clarke, J. Edmonds, G.C. Iyer, H.C. McJeon, R. Richels, S.Rose, F. Sano (2016): Economic tools to promote transparency and comparability in the Paris Agreement, Nature Climate Change 6: 1000–1004, doi:10.1038/nclimate3106
  • Bauer, N., J.Hilaire, R.J.Brechac, J.Edmonds, K.Jiang, E.Kriegler, H.Rogner and F.Sferra (2016), Assessing global fossil fuel availability in a scenario framework, Energy 111: 580-592, doi:10.1016/
  • Drouet, L. and J. Emmerling (2016), Climate Policy under Socio-Economic Scenario Uncertainty, Environmental Modelling & Software 79 (May 2016): 334-42, doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.02.010
  • Jewell, J., V.Vinichenko, D.McCollum, N.Bauer, K. Riahi, T.Aboumahboub, O.Fricko, M.Harmsen, T.Kober, V.Krey, G.Marangoni, M.Tavoni, D.P.van Vuuren, B.van der Zwaan and A.Cherp (2016), Comparison and interactions between the long-term pursuit of energy independence and climate policies, Nature Energy 1, Article number: 16073, doi:10.1038/nenergy.2016.73
  • Pietzcker, R.C. , F. Ueckerdt, S. Carrara, H. Sytze de Boer, J. Després, S. Fujimori, N. Johnson, A. Kitous, Y. Scholz, P. Sullivan, G. Luderer (2016): System integration of wind and solar power in Integrated Assessment Models: A cross-model evaluation of new approaches, Energy Economics, Vol. 64, May 2017, 583-599. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2016.11.018
  • van Vuuren, D.P. , H. van Soest, K. Riahi, L. Clarke, V. Krey, E. Kriegler, J. Rogelj, M. Schaeffer, M. Tavoni (2016): Carbon budgets and energy transition pathways, Environmental Research Letters, Volume 11, Number 7, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/075002
  • Rao, Z. Klimont, J. Leitao, K. Riahi, R. van Dingenen, L. Aleluia Reis, K. Calvin, F. Dentener, L. Drouet, S. Fujimori, M. Harmsen, G. Luderer, C. Heyes, J. Strefler, M. Tavoni, and D. P van Vuuren (2016): A multi-model assessment of the co-benefits of climate mitigation for global air quality, Environmental Research Letters,  Volume 11,  Number 12, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/12/124013


  • Bosetti, V., G.Marangoni, E. Borgonovo, L. Diaz Anadon, R. Barron, H. McJeon, S. Politis and P. Friley (2015), ‘Sensitivity to Energy Technology Costs: A Multi-model comparison analysis’, Energy Policy, 01/2015,
  • Lessmann, K., U. Kornek, V. Bosetti, Rob Dellink, Johannes Emmerling, Johan Eyckmans, Miyuki Nagashima, Hans-Peter Weikard and Zili Yang (2015), ‘The stability and effectiveness of climate coalitions: A comparative analysis of multiple integrated assessment models’, Environmental and Resource Economics (February 2015), Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro N.005.2014,
  • Tavoni, M., E.Kriegler, K.Riahi, D.P.van Vuuren, T.Aboumahboub, A.Bowen, K.Calvin, E.Campiglio, T.Kober, J.Jewell, G.Luderer, G.Marangoni, D.McCollum, M.van Sluisveld, A.Zimmer and B.van der Zwaan (2014), ‘Post-2020 climate agreements in the major economies assessed in the light of global models’, Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate2475


  • Athanassoglou S. and V. Bosetti (2014), ‘Setting Environmental Policy When Experts Disagree’, Environmental and Resource Economics (July 2014),
  • Blanford G.J., E. Kriegler and M.Tavoni (2014), ‘Harmonization vs. fragmentation: overview of climate policy scenarios in EMF27’, Climatic Change, 123( 3-4), pp 383-396,
  • Bowen, A., E. Campiglio and M. Tavoni (2014), ‘A macroeconomic perspective on climate change mitigation: Meeting the financing challenge’, Climate Change Economics, 05(01),
  • Calvin, K., M. Wise, D. Klein, D. McCollum, M. Tavoni, B. Van Der Zwaan and D. Van Vuuren (2014), ‘A multi-model analysis of the regional and sectoral roles of bioenergy in near- and long-term CO2 emissions reduction’, Climate Change Economics, 04(04),
  • Eom, J., J. Edmonds, V. Krey, N. Johnson, T. Longden, G. Luderer, K. Riahi and D. P. Van Vuuren (2014), ‘The impact of near-term climate policy choices on technology and emission transition pathways’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 90(A),
  • Favero A. and R. Mendelsohn (2014), ‘Using Markets for Woody Biomass Energy to Sequester Carbon in Forests’, Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists 1(1/2): 75-95,
  • Favero, A. and E. Massetti (2014), ‘Trade of woody biomass for electricity generation under climate mitigation policy’, Resource and Energy Economics, 36(1): 166-190, Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 13.2013,
  • Frankel J.A. and Bosetti V. (2014), ‘Sustainable Cooperation In Global Climate Policy: Specific Formulas And Emission Targets’, Clim. Change Econ. 05(03),
  • Kriegler E., J.P. Weyant, G.J. Blanford, V. Krey, L. Clarke, J. Edmonds, A. Fawcett, G. Luderer, K. Riahi, R. Richels, S.K. Rose, M. Tavoni and D.P. van Vuuren (2014), ‘The role of technology for achieving climate policy objectives: overview of the EMF 27 study on global technology and climate policy strategies’, Climatic Change, 123(3-4): 353-367,
  • Kriegler, E., K. Riahi, N. Bauer, V. J. Schwanitz, N. Petermann, V. Bosetti, A. Marcucci, S. Otto, L. Paroussos, S. Rao, T. Arroyo Curras, S. Ashina, J. Bollen, J. Eom, M. Hamdi-Cherif, T. Longden, A. Kitous, A. Méjean, F. Sano, M. Schaeffer, K. Wada, P. Capros, D. P. Van Vuuren and O. Edenhofer (2014), ‘Making or breaking climate targets: The AMPERE study on staged accession scenarios for climate policy’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 90(A),
  • Kriegler, E., M. Tavoni, T. Aboumahboub, G. Luderer, K. Calvin, G. De Maere, V. Krey, K. Riahi, H. Rosler, M. Schaeffer and D. Van Vuuren (2014), ‘What does the 2°C target imply for a global climate agreement in 2020? The LIMITS study on Durban Platform scenarios’, Climate Change EconomicsClimate Change Economics, 04(04),
  • Longden T. (2014), ‘Travel intensity and climate policy: The influence of different mobility futures on the diffusion of battery integrated vehicles’, Energy Policy 72(September 2014): 219–234,
  • McCollum, D., Y. Nagai, K. Riahi, G. Marangoni, K. Calvin, R. Pietzcker, J. Van Vliet and B. Van Der Zwaan (2014), ‘Energy investments under climate policy: a comparison of global models’, Climate Change Economics, 04(04),
  • McJeon H., J. Edmonds, N. Bauer, L. Clarke, B. Fisher, B P. Flannery, J. Hilaire, V. Krey, G. Marangoni, R. Mi, K. Riahi, H Rogner and M. Tavoni (2014), ‘Limited impact on decadal-scale climate change from increased use of natural gas’, Nature 514, 482-485,
  • Marangoni, G. and M. Tavoni (2014), ‘The clean energy R&D strategy for 2°C’, Climate Change Economics, 04(04, )
  • Pietzcker, R.,T. Longden, W. Chen, S. Fu, E. Kriegler, P. Kyle and G. Luderer (2014), ‘Long-term transport energy demand and climate policy: Alternative visions on Transport Decarbonization in Energy-Economy Models’, Energy, 04(1), Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 8.2013,
  • Riahi, K., E. Kriegler, N. Johnson, C. Bertram, M. Den Elzen, J. Eom, M. Schaeffer, J. Edmonds, M. Isaac, V. Krey, T. Longden, G. Luderer, A. Méjean, D. L. McCollum, S. Mima, H. Turton, D. P. Van Vuuren, K. Wada, V. Bosetti, P. Capros, P. Criqui and M. Kainuma (2014), ‘Locked into Copenhagen Pledges —Implications of short-term emission targets for the cost and feasibility of long-term climate goals, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 90(A),
  • Schwanitz V.J., T. Longden, B. Knopf and P. Capros (2014), ‘The implications of initiating immediate climate change mitigation — A potential for co-benefits’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90(A) pp166–177,
  • Tavoni, M, E. Kriegler, T. Aboumahboub, K. Calvin, G. De Maere, J. Jewell, T. Kober, P. Lucas, G. Luderer, D. McCollum, G. Marangoni, K. Riahi and D. Van Vuuren (2014), ‘The distribution of the major economies’ effort in the Durban platform scenarios’, Climate Change Economics, 04(04),
  • Van Der Zwaan, B., H. Rösler, T. Kober, T. Aboumahboub, K. Calvin, D. Gernaat, G. Marangoni and D. McCollum (2014), ‘A Cross-Model Comparison of Global Long-Term Technology Diffusion under a 2°C Climate Change Control Target’, Climate Change Economics, 04(04),


  • Bosello, F., C. Carraro and E. De Cian (2013), ‘Adaptation can help mitigation: an integrated approach to post-2012 climate policy’, Environment and Development Economics, 18(3), 270-290. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 69.2011.
  • Bosetti, V. and E. De Cian (2013), ‘A good opening: the key to make the most of unilateral climate action’, Environmental and Resource Economics, 56(2), 255-276. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 81.2011.
  • Bosetti, V. and T. Longden (2013), ‘Light duty vehicle transportation and global climate policy: The importance of electric drive vehicles’, Energy Policy, 58, 209-21. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 11.2012.
  • Bosetti, V., C. Carraro, E. De Cian, E. Massetti and M. Tavoni (2013), ‘Incentives and stability of international climate coalitions: An integrated assessment’, Energy Policy, 55, 44-56. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 97.2011.
  • Calvin, K., S. Pachauri, E. De Cian and I. Mouratiadou (2013), ‘The effect of African growth on future global energy, emissions, and regional development’, Special Issue Climatic Change,
  • Carrara, S. and G. Marangoni (2013), ‘Non-CO2 greenhouse gas mitigation modelling with marginal abatement cost curves: technical change, emission scenarios and policy costs’, Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment, 55(1), 91-124.
  • Carraro, C., E. De Cian and M. Tavoni (2013), ‘Human Capital, Innovation, and Climate Policy: An Integrated Assessment’, Environmental Modeling & Assessment. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 18.2012.
  • Cherp, A., J. Jewell, V. Vinichenko, N. Bauer and E. De Cian (2013), ‘Global energy security under different climate policies, GDP growth rates and fossil resource availabilities’, Special Issue Climatic Change, Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 59.2013.
  • De Cian, E., I. Keppo, J. Bollen, S. Carrara, H. Förster, M. Hübler, A. Kanudia, S. Paltsev, R. D. Sands and K. Schumacher (2013), ‘European-LED climate policy versus global mitigation action: Implications on trade, technology and energy’, Special Issue Climate Change Economics, 4(Supplement 1).
  • De Cian, E., F. Sferra and M. Tavoni (2013), ‘The influence of economic growth, population, and fossil fuel scarcity on energy investments’, Special Issue Climatic Change. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 59.2013.
  • De Cian, E., S. Carrara and M. Tavoni (2013), ‘Innovation benefits from nuclear phase-out: can they compensate the costs?’, Forthcoming Special Issue Climatic Change, Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 96.2012.
  • Förster, H., K. Schumacher, E. De Cian, M. Hübler, I. Keppo, S. Mima and R. D. Sands (2013), ‘European energy efficiency and decarbonization strategies beyond 2030 – A sectoral multi-model decomposition’, Special Issue Climate Change Economics, 4(Supplement 1).
  • Knopf, B., B. Bakken, S. Carrara, A. Kanudia, I. Keppo, T. Koljonen, S. Mima, E. Schmid and D. P. Van Vuuren (2013), ‘Transforming the European energy system: Member States’ prospects within the EU framework’, Special Issue Climate Change Economics, 4(Supplement 1).
  • Knopf, B., Y. H. Chen, E. De Cian, H. Förster, A. Kanudia, I. Karkatsouli, I. Keppo, T. Koljonen, K. Schumacher, D. P. Van Vuuren (2013), ‘Beyond 2020 – Strategies and costs for transforming the european energy system’, Special Issue Climate Change Economics, 4(Supplement 1).
  • Kriegler, E., N. Petermann, V. Krey, V. J. Schwanitz, G. Luderer, S. Ashina, V. Bosetti, J. Eom, A. Kitous, A. Mejean, L. Paroussos, F. Sano, H. Turton, C. Wilson and D. P. Van Vuuren (2013), ‘Diagnostic indicators for integrated assessment models of climate policies’, Forthcoming Special Issue Technological Forecasting and Social Change.
  • Luderer, G., C. Bertram, K. Calvin, E. De Cian and E. Kriegler (2013). ‘Implications of weak near-term climate policies on long-term climate mitigation pathways’, Forthcoming Special Issue Climatic Change.
  • Massetti, E. and E.C. Ricci (2013), ‘An assessment of the optimal size and timing of investments in concentrated solar power’, Energy Economics, 38, 186–203. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 47.2011.
  • Weyant, J., B. Knopf, E. De Cian, I. Keppo and D. P. Van Vuuren (2013), ‘Introduction to the EMF28 study on scenarios for transforming the european energy system’, Special Issue Climate Change Economics, 4(Supplement 1).


  • Bosetti, V., C. Carraro and M. Tavoni (2012), ‘Timing of mitigation and technology availability in achieving a low-carbon world’, Environment and Resource Economics, 51(3), 353-369.
  • Bosetti, V. and J. Frankel ( 2012), ‘Politically Feasible Emission Target Formulas to Attain 460 ppm CO2 Concentrations’, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 6(1), 86-109. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 92.2009.
  • Carraro, C. and E. Massetti (2012), ‘Energy and climate change in China’, Environment and Development Economics, 17(6), 689-713. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 16.2011.
  • Carraro, C., A. Favero and E. Massetti (2012), ‘Investments and public finance in a green, low carbon, economy’, Energy Economics, 34(Supplement 1), S15-S28.
  • Carraro, C. and E. Massetti (2012), ‘Editorial’, Special Issue International Environmental Agreements, Law, Economics and Politics, 11(3), 205-208.
  • Carraro, C. and E. Massetti (2012), ‘Beyond Copenhagen: A realistic climate policy in a fragmented world’, Climatic Change, 110(3), 523-542. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 136.2010.
  • De Cian, E. and M. Tavoni (2012), ‘Mitigation Portfolio and Policy Instruments When Hedging Against Climate Policy and Technology Uncertainty’, Environmental Modeling & Assessment, 17(1-2), 123-136.
  • De Cian, E. and M. Tavoni (2012), ‘Do technology externalities justify restrictions on emission permit trading?’, Resource and Energy Economics, 34(4), 624-646. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 33.2010.
  • Höhne, N., C. Taylor, R. Elias, M. Den Elzen, K. Riahi, C. Chen, J. Rogelj, G. Grassi, F. Wagner, K. Levin, E. Massetti and Z. Xiusheng (2012), ‘National greenhouse gas emissions reduction pledges and 2°C – comparison of studies’, Climate Policy, 12(3), 356-377.
  • Massetti, E. (2012), ‘Short-term and long-term climate mitigation policy in Italy’, WIREs Climate Change, 3(2), 171-183.
  • Massetti, E. and M. Tavoni (2012), ‘A Developing Asia emission trading scheme (Asia ETS)’, Energy Economics, 34(Supplement 3), S436–S443.
  • Massetti, E. (2012), ‘Carbon tax scenarios for China and India: Exploring politically feasible mitigation goals’, Special Issue International Environmental Agreements, Law, Economics and Politics, 11(3), 209-227. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 24.2011.


  • Bosetti, V., C. Carraro, R. Duval and M. Tavoni (2011), ‘What should we expect from innovation? A model-based assessment of the environmental and mitigation cost implications of climate-related R&D’, Energy Economics, 33(6), 1313-1320. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 42.2010.
  • Bosetti, V., R. Lubowski, A. Golub and A. Markandya, (2011), ‘Linking reduced deforestation and a global carbon market: implications for clean energy technology and policy flexibility’, Environment and Development Economics, 16(4), 479-505. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 56.2009.
  • Bosetti, V. (2011), ‘Which technologies should we pick? A comment on ‘Technology Interactions for Low Carbon Energy Technologies: What can we learn from a larger number of scenarios’ by Haewon Chon, Leon Clarke, Page Kyle, Marshall Wise, Andy Hackbarth, and Robert Lempert’, Energy Economics, 33(4), 632-633.
  • Bosetti, V. and D. Victor (2011), ‘Politics and Economics of Second-Best Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: The Importance of Regulatory Credibility’, The Energy Journal, 32(1), 1-24. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 29.2010.
  • Massetti, E. and M. Tavoni (2011), ‘The cost of climate change mitigation policy in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia’, Climate Change Economics, 2(4), 341-370.
  • Tavoni, M. and B. Van Der Zwaan (2011), “Nuclear versus Coal plus CCS: A comparison of two competitive base-load climate control options”, Environmental Modeling and Assessment, 16(5), 431-440. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro N. 100.2009.


  • Bosello, F., C. Carraro and E. De Cian (2010), ‘Climate policy and the optimal balance between mitigation, adaptation and unavoided damage’, Climate Change Economics, 1(2), 71-92. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 32.2010.


  • Bosetti, V., C. Carraro and M.Tavoni (2009), ‘A Chinese commitment to commit: can it break the negotiation stall?’, Climatic Change, 97(1-2), 297-303.
  • Bosetti, V. and B. Van Der Zwaan (2009), ‘Targets and technologies for climate control’, Climatic Change, 96(3), 269-273.
  • Bosetti, V., C. Carraro, A. Sgobbi and M.Tavoni (2009), ‘Delayed action and uncertain stabilisation targets. How much will the delay cost?’, Climatic Change, 96(3), 299-312. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 69.2008.
  • Bosetti, V. and B. Buchner (2009), ‘Data Envelopment Analysis of different climate policy scenarios’, Ecological Economics, 68(5), 1340-1354. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 82.2005.
  • Bosetti, V., C. Carraro and M.Tavoni (2009), ‘Climate change mitigation strategies in fast-growing countries: The benefits of early action’, Energy Economics, 31(Supplement 2), S144-S151. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 53.2009.
  • Bosetti, V., C. Carraro, E. Massetti, A. Sgobbi and M.Tavoni (2009), ‘Optimal energy investment and R&D strategies to stabilise greenhouse gas atmospheric concentrations’, Resource and Energy Economics, 31(2), 123-137. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 95.2007.
  • Bosetti, V., C. Carraro and M.Tavoni (2009), ‘Climate policy after 2012. Technology, Timing, Participation’, CESifo Economic Studies, 55(2), 235-254.
  • Bosetti, V., C. Carraro and E. Massetti (2009), ‘Banking permits: Economic efficiency and distributional effects’, Journal of Policy Modeling, 31(3), 382-403. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 01.2008.
  • Bosetti, V. and M. Tavoni (2009), ‘Uncertain R&D, backstop technology and GHGs stabilization’, Energy Economics, 31(Supplement 1), S18–S26. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 6.2007.
  • Carraro, C., E. Massetti and L. Nicita (2009), ‘How does climate policy affect technical change? An analysis of the direction and pace of technical progress in a climate-economy model’, The Energy Journal, 30(Special Issue 2), 7-37. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 8.2009.


  • Bosetti, V., C. Carraro, E. Massetti and M. Tavoni (2008), ‘International energy R&D spillovers and the economics of greenhouse gas atmospheric stabilization’, Energy Economics, 30(6), 2912-2929. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 82.2007.


  • Tavoni, M., B. Sohngen and V. Bosetti (2007), ‘Forestry and the carbon market response to stabilize climate’, Energy Policy, 35(11), 5346-5353. Supersedes FEEM Note di Lavoro, N. 15.2007.


  • Bosetti, V., C. Carraro, M. Galeotti, E. Massetti and M. Tavoni (2006), ‘WITCH: A World Induced Technical Change Hybrid Model’, The Energy Journal, 27(Special Issue 2), 13-38.